Monitoring PostgreSQL Performance using OpenTelemetry

OpenTelemetry PostgreSQL

Monitoring PostgreSQL is essential to ensure the optimal performance, availability, and reliability of your PostgreSQL database.

This tutorial explains how you can use OpenTelemetry and Uptrace to monitor PostgreSQL performance, establish baseline metrics, and proactively address performance issues to ensure the optimal operation of your PostgreSQL database.

What is OpenTelemetry Collector?

OpenTelemetry Collectoropen in new window is an agent that pulls telemetry data from systems you want to monitor and export the data to an OpenTelemetry backendopen in new window.

Otel Collector provides powerful data processing capabilities, allowing you to perform aggregation, filtering, sampling, and enrichment of telemetry data. You can transform and reshape the data to fit your specific monitoring and analysis requirements before sending it to the backend systems.

OpenTelemetry PostgreSQL receiver

Using OpenTelemetry Collector, you can monitor essential performance metrics provided by PostgreSQL, such as CPU usage, memory consumption, disk I/O, and network traffic.

To start monitoring PostgreSQL with Otel Collector, you need to configure PostgreSQL receiver in /etc/otel-contrib-collector/config.yaml using Uptrace DSN:

    endpoint: localhost:5432
    transport: tcp
    username: otel
      - otel
    collection_interval: 10s
      insecure: true

    headers: { 'uptrace-dsn': '<FIXME>' }

    detectors: [env, system]
    timeout: 10s

      receivers: [otlp]
      processors: [batch]
      exporters: [otlp]
      receivers: [otlp, postgresql]
      processors: [cumulativetodelta, batch, resourcedetection]
      exporters: [otlp]

Don't forget to restart the service:

sudo systemctl restart otelcol-contrib

You can also check OpenTelemetry Collector logs for any errors:

sudo journalctl -u otelcol-contrib -f

OpenTelemetry Backend

Once the metrics are collected and exported, you can visualize them using a compatible backend system. For example, you can use Uptrace to create dashboards that display metrics from the OpenTelemetry Collector.

Uptrace is a OpenTelemetry APMopen in new window that supports distributed tracing, metrics, and logs. You can use it to monitor applications and troubleshoot issues.

Uptrace Overview

Uptrace comes with an intuitive query builder, rich dashboards, alerting rules with notifications, and integrations for most languages and frameworks.

Uptrace can process billions of spans and metrics on a single server and allows you to monitor your applications at 10x lower cost.

In just a few minutes, you can try Uptrace by visiting the cloud demoopen in new window (no login required) or running it locally with Dockeropen in new window. The source code is available on GitHubopen in new window.

Available metrics

Uptrace automatically creates the following dashboard when PostgreSQL metrics are available:

PostgreSQL metrics

What's next?

Next, you can learn more about configuring OpenTelemetry Collector. To start using OpenTelemetry and Uptrace, see Getting started with Uptrace.

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